Selective Dog Breeding Aims And Background}

Selective Dog Breeding Aims and Background


Steve Evans

Selective dog breeding aims to progressively improve upon the features of a dog breed. It is the other side of the coin to some irresponsible breeders, who reportedly keep them in small cages for long periods without exercise, love, or human contact. No matter how experinced a dog owner is the excessively caged animal will always tend to develop undesirable behaviors and may bark excessively. He may even become destructive and unsociable.

Selective dog breeding has been practised over millenia since early human development, and it has provided the huge range of dog breeds that exist today.

It is thought that selective breeding was begun when humans came across an abandoned wolf cub and took it with them. As this wolf grew older it would become less fearful of humans and therefore be semi-tamed. Humans maintained a population of useful animals around their homes since pre-historic times . They intentionally fed useful dogs, while killing wild dogs, establishing the relationships between humans and specific types of dogs over thousands of years.

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That created the pedigree dog breeds which are well known today. It is important that al breeders breed selectively and choose their male and famail dogs for breeding carefully.

Studying pedigrees and visiting kennels is the best way to select the most compatible stud, and this can consume weeks or even months of a breeders time. And because the onset of a bitch’s season can’t be predetermined exactly, a short-notice trip to the stud will probably be necessary, making proper choice of mates very difficult. Stud owners and owners of the bitch certify the mating to the stud-book or the club. Stud-book and club cannot determine if the named stud has mated the named bitch, also not if the bitch of a breeder (knowingly or not) has been bred by several studs (also out of other breeds) in one season. A lot depends on trust amonst breeders in the dog breeders world.

Mutations can prevent proper development and maturation. Even though particular traits might seem like they are novel, in such cases it is really a loss of information since the animal has stunted development in one trait. Mutations occur spontaneously all the time. Environmental pressure can drive what mutations are favored, but mutations are not caused only by the environment.

Generally selection also loses out because most people just take the first available stud or the cheapest to breed with their female. Not doing extensive research on the medical history of the other dog can cause medical problems that become genetic in that breed. Generally Wolf-Dog is very common figure of Caucasian peoples tradition and legends and is very old in this region (actually it comes from Hittites period). But legend is not to be mixed with reality – it is absolutely evident that Nagazis have not any relation with wolfs. Generally, the wider the variation in the parents, the wider the potential for variation in the litter.

Genes do not act singularily and in isolation. The effect of an allele in the phenotype is as much a property of its genetic enviroment (and for that matter the ‘traditional’ enviroment) as the protein it codes for (look into additive gene effect).

Inbreeding brings out recessive genes in the homozygous condition. Genes that are “homozygous” are genes that have no opposing gene in a sense – in other words, the dog will carry this trait and no other version of the trait. Inbreeding can also lead to a bitch’s decreased fertility or her giving birth to smaller litters. Inbreeding is the breeding of close relatives not separated by more than one generation, i.e, brother to sister, father to daughter. This method is used to concentrate good qualities in the line but may also concentrate bad qualities.

Hip problems with different dog breeds should be identified at an early stage. If you think that smaller dogs are safe from joint problems, you’re wrong. Hip dysplasia is a potentially crippling malady that affects many breeds. Eye, heart and skin problems negatively impact many breeds.

Breeders consider a mixed breed a horrible thing. There’s huge pride in the dog’s lineage, its pedigree, as if breeders were talking about their own family trees, as if they’re descended from aristocracy. Breeders could not escape their responsibility without all the kind “rehomers and rescuers” who take that responsibility for them. The breeders of unclaimed dogs in pounds could be fined, making the breeder responsible, if all pups had to be micochipped. Breeders who sell cheap puppies. It takes a lot of funds and other resources in order to raise healthy puppies.

Steve Evans recommends that for high quality dog breeds articles and information you visit the web page for

Dog Articles List

right now! Another great read is the

Doggy and Puppies News


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Selective Dog Breeding Aims and Background


Dogs rescue owner during diabetic attack

Wednesday, January 18, 2006

In Centerton, Indiana a man is alive thanks to his 2 dogs.

Bill Burns was taking his nightly stroll with his dogs, Butch and Dusty, when he had a severe diabetic attack in a cornfield.

His dogs immediately reacted.

Morgan County sheriff’s Deputy, Steve Hoffman, was on a rural road just finishing with a traffic stop, when he noticed a light shining from a cornfield. “I noticed what appeared to be an illumination or a light that was flickering and facing my direction,” Hoffman said. When he got out of his car and walked to where he saw the light, he found Butch was holding a flashlight like he would a bone, in his mouth. Meanwhile, Dusty had stretched himself across Mr. Burns to try and keep him warm.

Hoffman said he then noticed that Mr. Burns was wearing a diabetic medical bracelet and immediately took him to the hospital.

Burns says that he does not remember the ordeal, but thinks that Hoffman even seeing the light is remarkable enough for him.

“It’s got to be just fate or faith, one or the other,” Burns said.

The dogs “definitely are the heroes in the story,” said Hoffman.

Burns was in the hospital nearly 4 days before he had been released.

“Had he not had the dogs with him that evening, I think the outcome would have been a lot worse,” Hoffman said.

“Woofstock” dog festival in Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Tuesday, June 12, 2007

North America’s largest outdoor dog festival came back to Toronto last weekend for its fifth year. It ran from the 9th of June to the 10th of June at Toronto’s historical St. Lawrence Market. A Wikinews reporter was there on Sunday to report on some of the events that happened on the last day.

The “Woofstock” dog festival attracted as many as 140,000 people with their dogs. The festival had tons of accessories, sold under tents, to buy for dogs; food, toys, designer clothes, and more. About 400 vendors and exhibitors were there to promote their products, which also gave private dog companies or groups a chance to show their new products. The local SPCA and some animal rescues were under tents answering questions from visitors. While walking, all visitors could see the CN Tower and other very tall buildings.

One of the local TV stations, Citytv, was there. They hosted a live event at the show which was broadcast on TV. People came up on the stage and asked questions regarding their dogs and the host and co-host answered them.

A man, who called himself the “Chalk Master”, drew two pictures on pavement with chalk. He did it for free but donations were welcome. One was a picture of a girl’s head beside a dog’s head, and another with a wolf.

“Hello Humans. I’ve been invited here to provide your eyeball(s), with some pretty colours. I don’t get paid as I work this weekend strictly for tips… so, if you like what you see please make a DONATION. If you don’t like it simply reach into the pocket of the person next to you and give me their money. CHALK MASTER.”

A contest called “Canada’s top dog” had its own tent with a professional photographer taking pictures of dogs behind a white screen; the winning photo is to be published on the cover of “Puppy and dog basics” magazine.

Large “Gourmet” dog bones were also served from a cart and table.

Next year’s festival is expected to be bigger and better with even more attractions.

Buying Furniture Online Sift Grain From The Chaff}

Buying Furniture Online Sift Grain From The Chaff



The present generation is privileged to have born in the times when technology is launching itself into the unimaginable realms of human life. What seemed impossible a few years back is getting really feasible in the cyberspace. Who would have thought that a small 15-inch screen with some machinery could one day become a one-stop shop for almost all the human needs?

Electronic Commerce, facilitated through secure web portals, has changed the entire complexion of business transactions. We are increasingly witnessing a surge in the number of buyers preferring the online route. The homemakers are also tired of visiting the nearest market place for their daily chores. Even the long-term assets like furniture are readily available with major retail stores showing their glowing online presence.

Your furniture needs are best understood by you alone. Whether you want the class of Amish Handcrafted furniture or the toughness of wrought iron furniture, online furniture stores can provide you all. No doubt shopping from the cozy comforts of home has made life convenient but save yourself from indiscretion while buying furniture online.

The foremost consideration before buying furniture is the cost factor. The economics of your shopping bear a strong impression on the choice of furniture. A higher budget can land you the popular Amish furniture but if you are not prepared to spend more, modular furniture may be your calling. You can save precious dollars buying Amish furniture online. However, before finalizing the deal, some other factors need to be accounted for.

The credentials of the online dealer must be verified by a simple search on the Internet. It is important you deal with an honest and reputable furniture dealer who can guarantee a safe and trustworthy transaction. If you are planning to buy furniture from sites like eBay, make sure the seller has a consistently positive feedback. The mode of delivery and mode of payment must be clarified before closing the deal. There should be no doubt between the parties as to who will pay the shipping and handling charges.

If the seller happens to be a dedicated furniture online retail store, make sure the furniture as seen in the picture is delivered at your doorsteps. Window-dressing of the furniture items is fairly common with online retailers. Moreover, furniture may be damaged during shipping. If possible, ask the dealer if he is fine with payment on satisfied delivery. A reputable dealer will never hesitate in acceding to such a request if you show adequate interest in buying the furniture.

The dimension of online furniture is another important proposition before you buy it. Its no point looking for furniture that wont even cross the boundaries of your door! The best way out is to have the dimensions of your rooms, doors and windows ready before negotiating the price of furniture. You must be sure of the style and size of the furniture that would fit and suit into your living place and give you a happy feeling.

The risk factor of buying furniture online cannot be ignored. But youll agree that there is always an element of risk in every purchase, be it online or offline. A cautious but certain approach online can provide you with the furniture of your choice.

The author is an expert in the field of interior design and home improvement techniques. She has deeply studied the work of

Amish Furniture


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Buying Furniture Online Sift Grain From The Chaff }

Get Attractive Foldable Crates In Wholesale}

Get attractive foldable crates in wholesale



Today, collapsible plastic crates are being widely used by many shopkeepers for storing products and transportation. Many agriculture farmers or people associated with industries use them to transport their products, raw materials, Today, collapsible plastic crates are being widely used by many shopkeepers for storing products and transportation. Many agriculture farmers or people associated with industries use them to transport their products, raw materials, farm products, etc, from one place to another. They have many advantages and make storage and transportation of products easier.

In this technological world, a large number of devices have developed with new technology. In these devices certain products have been developed that can hold numerous items at once. Among the several storage items, a product called crate is developed that can be folded when not in use. As we are living in technological era, so manufacturers are developing those products that are satisfying the demands of the customers and make them comfortable. By keeping this view in mind manufacturers have made the plastic crates so that a user can store the large number of products into it. Are you preparing to buy a large foldable container?

Today there are many online stores available like,, etc. These are some websites that allows purchasing of collapsible storage crates according to your choice of color, size and design.

Where else we buy crates?

If you want to buy a product for holding of large variety of products in bulk quantity, then large foldable container is the best choice for you. In present scenario, there is a peek demand of these containers in the market. In the previous days, many industries faced the problems of storing bulk items and move that items to other far locations. To solve these types of problems, manufacturers made the good quality collapsible storage crates. To buy the crates, you just have to visit the websites of the manufacturers which you will find from a click searching. You can check the details of the company, then after satisfying yourselves, you can place order instantly. The companies provide shipping facility also so that you may not worry about the transportation of product.

Benefits of buying foldable crates

How could foldable collapsible storage crates help me? It is a question asked by many new product sellers and shopkeepers. Here are many benefits and uses of such crates which will let people know about the benefits of buying foldable crates for storage:-

Proper arrangement of things is possible with these crates.

These containers are highly durable and are made from eco friendly plastic which makes them suitable for nature.

They are light in weight as compared to traditionally used wooden boxes.

Easy transportation of goods is possible with this product.

They are beneficial for shopkeepers to organize their products, keep them arranged and display them neatly to their customers in shops.

This Article is written by Foldable-Crate which is a professional Plastic Foldable Storage Crates manufacturing company, focusing on the collapsible pallet container,

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Ex-head of Qantas freight operations in US jailed for price fixing

Saturday, May 10, 2008

Bruce McCaffrey, who was formerly the vice-president in charge of freight operations in the United States for Australian flag carrier Qantas, has been sentenced to eight months imprisonment and fined US$21,000 by the US Department of Justice (DoJ) for his involvement in a major air cargo price fixing cartel.

McCaffrey is one of six past and present employees of the airline who have been charged over the arrangement, which is thought to have run for six years starting in 2000. He is also the first individual to be sentenced regarding the cartel. He, as well as Stephen Cleary, group general manager for freight in Sydney, Harold Pang, general manager for freight sales in Singapore, Peter Frampton, former group general manager for freight, John Cooper former general manager for freight sales and Desmond Church, a former freight employee, were all charged after being exempt from immunity granted in a plea bargain by Qantas in which the airline paid a US$61 million fine.

In Australia price fixing is not actually a criminal offense, so former head of freight Peter Frampton and three other staff members in Australia will not be extradited to face charges. Meanwhile, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission is seeking admittances of guilt from airlines whose operations fall under its jurisdiction in exchange for lighter penalties. Qantas is amongst those airlines.

The cartel, which prevented competition in air freight shipments rates, is said to involve almost thirty airlines. As well as Qantas, Japan Airlines, British Airways, Korean Air and Lufthansa have all had their involvement confirmed. Whistleblower Lufthansa, a German airline, was granted immunity from prosecution in exchange for exposing the operation. In August, British Airways and Korean Air pled guilty to their involvement and received fines of US$300 million each. Last month Japan Airlines also admitted to their role and paid a US$110 million fine. Amongst the others alleged to be involved are Air New Zealand, Singapore Airlines and Cathay Pacific. Hundreds of Australian businesses are involved in a class action suit against these seven airlines for AU$200 million that they believe was unfairly charged to them as a result of criminal activity.

McCarthy, who ran Qantas’s Australia-US cargo route for twenty years, entered a plea bargain with the authorities. Under the US Sherman Act he could have faced up to a US$1.06 million fine and up to 10 years imprisonment, but the DoJ says that the maximum fine could actually be double the gain from the offences committed or double the loss of those victimised if either were found to be higher than the normal maximum. According to the case, he was involved with “meetings, conversations and communications in the US and elsewhere to discuss the cargo rates to be charged on certain routes to and from the US”.

In light of the news, shares in Qantas fell 3ยข to AU$3.41.